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  Scientific Names Used on the Illinois' Natural Divisions Poster  

Department of Natural Resources

Illinois' Natural Divisions

Key to Symbols: * = Illinois endangered | ** = Illinois endangered and federally endangered | Illinois threatened | Illinois threatened and federally threatened

Acadian flycatcher Empidonax virescens

alligator snapping turtle* Macroclemys temminckii

American basswood Tilia americana

American redstart Setophaga ruticilla

American woodcock Scolopax minor

badger Taxidea taxus

bald cypress Taxodium distichum

bald eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus

banded killifish Fundulus diaphanus

banded pygmy sunfish Elassoma zonatum

bantam sunfish Lepomis symmetricus

barred owl Strix varia

beaver Castor canadensis

beech Fagus grandifolia

big bluestem Andropogon gererdii

bird-voiced treefrog Hyla avivoca

birds-eye primrose* Primula mistassinica

black ash Fraxinus nigra

black hickory Carya texana

black oak Quercus velutina

black spleenwort* Asplenium resiliens

black tern* Chlidonias niger

black vulture Coragyps atratus

black walnut Juglans nigra

black willow Salix nigra

blackchin shiner Notropis heterodon

blackjack oak Quercus marilandica

blackspotted topminnow Fundulus olivaceus

blacktail shiner Cyprinella venusta

Blanding's turtle Emydoidea blandingii

blazing star Liatris spp.

bloodleaf* Iresine rhizomatosa

blue iris Iris shrevei

blue jasmine* Clematis crispa

blue-spotted salamander Ambystoma laterale

blueberry Vaccinium spp.

bluebreast darter* Etheostoma camurum

bobcat Felis rufus

Bradley's spleenwort* Asplenium bradleyi

broad-banded water snake* Nerodia fasciata

broadhead skink Eumeces laticeps

bullfrog Rana catesbeiana

bullsnake Pituophis melanoleucus sayi

bunchberry* Cornus canadensis

bunchflower Melanthium virginicum

bur oak Quercus macrocarpa

buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis

Canada yew Taxus canadensis

canvasback Aythya valisineria

Carolina silverbell* Halesia carolina

cattail Typha spp.

cave salamander Eurycea lucifuga

celandine poppy Stylophorum diphyllum

central newt Notophthalmus viridescens

cherrybark oak Quercus falcata var. pagodaefolia

chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii

Christmas fern Polystichum acrostichoides

cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnamomea

cliff goldenrod Solidago sciaphila

cliff swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

climbing milkweed Matelea obliqua

club mosses Lycopodium spp.

coachwhip snake* Masticophis flagellum

common tern* Sterna hirundo

common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas

compass plant Silphium laciniatum

coneflowers Rudbeckia spp.

copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix

cordgrass Spartina pectinata

cottonmouth Agkistrodon piscivorous

cottonwood Populus deltoides

coyote Canis latrans

crawfish frog Rana areolata

creeping loosestrife* Lysimachia radicans

cucumber magnolia Magnolia acuminata

Culver's root Veronicastrum virginicum

cynosciadium* Cynosciadium digitatum

cypress minnow* Hybognathus hayi

decurrent false aster Boltonia decurrens

diamondback water snake Nerodia rhombifer

dickcissel Spiza americana

double-crested cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus

downy sunflower Helianthus mollis

dunlin Calidris alpina

dusky salamander* Desmognathus fuscus

eastern box turtle Terrapene carolina

eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus

eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos

eastern massasauga rattlesnake* Sistrurus catenatus

eastern narrowmouth toad Gastrophryne carolinensis

eastern ribbon snake* Thamnophis sauritus

eastern sand darter Ammocrypta pellucidum

eastern woodrat* Neotoma floridana

eryngium stem borer moth* Papaipema eryngii

false heather* Hudsonia tomentosa

fanshell mussel** Cyprogenia stegaria

farkleberry Vaccinium arboreum

fat pocketbook mussel** Potamilus capax

filmy fern* Trichomanes boschianum

five-lined skink Eumeces fasciatus

flathead chub* Platygobio gracilis

flathead snake Tantilla gracilis

Forbes' saxifrage Saxifraga forbesii

Fowler's toad Bufo woodhousii fowleri

fox squirrel Sciurus niger

Franklin's ground squirrel Spermophilus franklinii

French's shooting star Dodecatheon frenchii

golden mouse Ochrotomys nuttalli

golden-winged warbler Vermivora chrysoptera

goldenrods Solidago spp.

grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum

gray dogwood Cornus racemosa

gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus

gray treefrog Hyla versicolor

great angelica Angelica atropurpurea

great blue heron Ardea herodias

great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus

great egret Ardea alba

great horned owl Bubo virginianus

great plains rat snake Elaphe guttata emoryi

greater redhorse* Moxostoma valenciennesi

greater yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca

green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica

green frog Rana clamitans

green treefrog Hyla cinerea

greenside darter Etheostoma blennioides

ground pine* Lycopodium dendroideum

ground skink Scincella lateralis

halbred-leaved tearthumb* Polygonum arifolium

harlequin darter* Etheostoma histrio

Henslow's sparrow* Ammodramus henslowii

hickories Carya spp.

Higgins' eye mussel** Lampsilis higginsii

Hine's emerald dragonfly** Somatochlora hineana

honey locust Gleditsia triacanthos

hooded warbler Wilsonia citrina

hop hornbeam Ostrya virginiana

ill-scented trillium* Trillium erectum

Illinois chorus frog Pseudacris streckeri

Illinois mud turtle* Kinosternon flavescens

Illinois wood sorrel* Oxalis illinoensis

Indian grass Sorghastrum nutans

Indiana bat** Myotis sodalis

Iowa amphipod* Stygobromus iowae

Iowa Pleistocene snail** Discus macclintocki

jeweled shooting star Dodecatheon amethystinum

Kentucky warbler Oporornis formosus

Kirtland's snake Clonophis kirtlandi

lady fern Athyrium filix-femina

lake chub Couesius plumbeus

lake sturgeon* Acipenser fulvescens

large cranberry* Vaccinium macrocarpon

large sedge* Carex gigantea

lark sparrow Chondestes grammacus

leadplant Amorpha canescens

least bittern Ixobrychus exilis

least brook lamprey Lampetra aepyptera

leatherleaf Chamaedaphne calyculata

lined snake Tropidoclonion lineatum

little blue heron* Egretta caerulea

little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium

little spectaclecase mussel* Villosa lienosa

longtail salamander Eurycea longicauda

lowbush blueberry Vaccinium vacillans

manna grass* Glyceria arkansana

marbled salamander Ambystoma opacum

marginal fern Dryopteris marginalis

marsh fern Thelypteris palustris

masked shrew Sorex cinereus

meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius

meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus

mink Mustela vison

Mississippi green water snake Nerodia cyclopion

Mississippi kite* Ictinia mississippiensis

mock bishop's weed* Ptilimnium nuttallii

mockernut hickory Carya tomentosa

mole salamander Ambystoma talpoideum

moschatel* Adoxa moschatellinac

mottled sculpin Cottus bairdi

mountain clematis* Clematis occidentalis

muskrat Ondatra zibethicus

narrow-leaved green milkweed* Asclepias stenophylla

Nashville warbler Vermivora ruficapilla

netted chain fern Woodwardia areolata

nettle Urtica chamaedryoides

New England aster Aster novae-angliae

New Jersey tea Ceanothus americanus

ninespine stickleback Pungitius pungitius

northern fence lizard Sceloporus undulatus

northern harrier* Circus cyaneus

northern madtom* Noturus stigmosus

northern paper birch Betula papyrifera

Nuttall's oak* Quercus nuttallii

oak fern* Gymnocarpium dryopteris

Ohio buckeye Aesculus glabra

oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis

orange-foot pimpleback mussel** Plethobasus cooperianus

ornate box turtle Terrapene ornata

osprey* Pandion haliaetus

ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus

overcup oak Quercus lyrata

oxbow crayfish* Orconectes lancifer

Ozark minnow Notropis nubilus

Packard's cave amphipod* Crangonyx packardi

pallid sturgeon** Scaphirhynchus albus

panic grass Panicum spp.

Patterson's bindweed* Stylisma pickeringii

pecan Carya illinoensis

pickerel frog Rana palustris

pickerelweed Pontederia cordata

pied-billed grebe Podilymbus podiceps

pileated woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus

pin oak Quercus palustris

pink milkwort* Polygala incarnata

pitcher-plant* Sarracenia purpurea

plains minnow Hybognathus placitus

plains pocket gopher Geomys bursarius

porcupine grass Stipa spartea

post oak Quercus stellata

prairie dock Silphium terebinthinaceum

prairie dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis

prairie kingsnake Lampropeltis calligaster

prairie rose gentian* Sabatia campestris

prairie trout-lily Erythronium mesochoreum

prairie violet Viola pedatifida

prickly pear cactus Opuntia compressa

pugnose shiner* Notropis anogenus

pumpkin ash Fraxinus tomentosa

purple prairie clover Petalostemum purpureum

pygmy shrew Sorex hoyi

queen-of-the-prairie * Filipendula rubra

raccoon Procyon lotor

racer Coluber constrictor

rattlesnake master Eryngium yuccifolium

red buckeye Aesculus discolor

red fox Vulpes vulpes

red iris Iris fulva

red milk snake Lampropeltis triangulum

red oak Quercus rubra

red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus

red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus

red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus

red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis

redback salamander Plethodon cinereus

redbud Cercis canadensis

redhead Aythya americana

regal fritillary Speyeria idalia

rice rat Oryzomys palustris

river birch Betula nigra

river bulrush Scirpus spp.

river chub* Nocomis micropogon

river cooter* Pseudemys concinna

river otter Lontra canadensis

river redhorse Moxostoma carinatum

rock chestnut oak Quercus montana

round hickorynut mussel* Obovaria subrotunda

round-leaved sundew* Drosera rotundifolia

round-lobed hepatica Hepatica nobilis

royal fern Osmunda regalis

rusty woodsia* Woodsia ilvensis

sand primrose Oenothera rhombipetala

sandhill crane Grus canadensis

scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea

sedge wren Cistothorous platensis

sedges Carex spp.

shagbark hickory Carya ovata

shingle oak Quercus imbricaria

shooting star Dodecatheon meadia

short-eared owl* Asio flammeus

shortleaf pine* Pinus echinata

Shumard oak Quercus shumardii

sideoats grama Bouteloua curtipendula

silver maple Acer saccharinum

silvery bladderpod* Lesquerella ludoviciana

six-lined racerunner Cnemidophorus sexlineatus

skunk cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus

slimy salamander Plethodon glutinosus

slippery elm Ulmus rubra

small burhead* Echinodorus tenellus

smooth green snake Opheodrys vernalis

smooth softshell turtle Apalone mutica

snowy egret* Egretta thula

snuffbox mussel* Epioblasma triquetra

sora Porzana carolina

sourgum Nyssa sylvatica

southeastern myotis* Myotis austroriparius

southern grape fern Botrychium biternatum

southern leopard frog Rana sphenocephala

spectaclecase mussel* Cumberlandia monodonta

sphagnum Sphagnum spp.

spottail darter Etheostoma squamiceps

spotted turtle* Clemmys guttata

spring cavefish Forbesichthys agassizi

spring peeper Pseudacris crucifer

storax Styrax americana

striped scorpion Centruroides vittatus

stripetail darter Etheostoma kennicotti

sturgeon chub* Macrhybopsis gelida

sugar maple Acer saccharum

sugarberry Celtis laevigata

summer tanager Piranga rubra

swamp chestnut oak Quercus michauxii

swamp cottonwood Populus heterophylla

swamp privet Forestiera acuminata

swamp rabbit Sylvilagus aquaticus

swamp white oak Quercus bicolor

sweet gum Liquidambar styraciflua

sycamore Platanus occidentalis

tamarack Larix laricina

thirteen-lined ground squirrel Spermophilus tridecemlineatus

tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum

timber rattlesnake Crotalus horridus

tulip tree Liriodendron tulipifera

turkey vulture Cathartes aura

umbrella sedge Cyperus grayioides

upland sandpiper* Bartramia longicauda

veery Catharus fuscescens

violet collinsia* Collinsia violacea

Virginia rail Rallus limicola

water elm Planera aquatica

water locust Gleditsia aquatica

water willow* Justicia ovata

wavy-rayed lampmussel* Lampsilis fasciola

western fox snake Elaphe vulpina

western hognose snake Heterodon nasicus

western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta

western mud snake Farancia abacura

white ash Fraxinus americana

white melanthera* Melanthera nivea

white oak Quercus alba

white pine Pinus strobus

white-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis

white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus

wild azalea Rhododendron spp.

wild bergamot Monarda fistulosa

wild black cherry Prunus serotina

wild mock orange Philadelphus pubescens

wild turkey Meleagris gallopavo

Willdenow's sedge Carex willdenowii

willows Salix spp.

Wolf's bluegrass* Poa wolfii

wood duck Aix sponsa

wood frog Rana sylvatica

wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina

woodchuck Marmota monax

worm snake Carphophis amoenus

worm-eating warbler Helmitheros vermivorus

yellow coneflower Ratibida pinnata

yellow star grass Hypoxis hirsuta

yellow-headed blackbird* Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Additional Scientific Names Used in Lesson One of the University of Illinois at Springfield Online Course EDL 560

autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata

beaver Castor canadensis

bison Bison bison

black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus

black locust R obinia pseudoacacia

black tupelo Nyssa sylvatica

black walnut Juglans nigra

blackjack oak Quercus marilandica

bluegill Lepomis macrochirus

bobcat Lynx rufus

bullfrog Rana catesbeiana

bur oak Quercus macrocarpa

Canada goose Branta canadensis

channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus

coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch

common carp Cyprinus carpio

common snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina

corn Zea mays

cougar Felis concolor

coyote Canis latrans

decurrent false aster Boltonia decurrens

deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus

eastern bluebird Sialia sialis

eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus

eastern wood rat Neotoma floridana

European starling Sturnus vulgaris

fescue Festuca sp.

eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger

garlic mustard Alliaria petiolata

giant Canada goose Branta canadensis maxima

goldfish Carassius auratus

gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus

eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis

great horned owl Bubo virginianus

greater prairie-chicken Tympanuchus cupido

gypsy moth Lymantria dispar

Harlequin darter Etheostoma histrio

house mouse Mus musculus

house sparrow Passer domesticus

human Homo sapiens

Indiana bat Myotis sodalis

Japanese beetle Popillia japonica

Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica

kudzu  Pueraria lobata

largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides

leafy prairie clover Dalea foliosa

little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium

maize Zea mays mays

mallard Anas platyrhynchos

mastodon Mammut americanum

mourning dove Zenaida macroura

muskrat Ondatra zibethicus

northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus

northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis

northern pike Esox lucius

Norway rat Rattus norvegicus

ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla

passenger pigeon Ectopistes migratorius

purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria

raccoon Procyon lotor

rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss

red fox Vulpes vulpes

red-eyed vireo Vireo olivaceus

ring-necked pheasant Phasianus colchicus

rock dove (rock pigeon) Columba livia

round goby Neogobius melanostomus

rusty crayfish Orconectes rusticus

scarlet tanager Piranga olivacea

Scotch pine Pinus sylvestris

silver maple Acer saccharinum

soybean Glycine max

sugar maple Acer saccharum

tube beardstongue Penstemon tubaeflorus

walleye Stizostedion vitreum

wapiti Cervus canadensis

white crappie Pomoxis annularis

white oak Quercus alba

white pine Pinus strobus

white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus

wild turkey Meleagris gallopavo

winter creeper Euonymus fortunei

wood duck Aix sponsa

yellow perch Perca flavescens

zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha


 

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