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 Illinois

   Biodiversity of Illinois, Volume III: Prairie and Edge Habitats CD-ROM   

Department of Natural Resources

Index to Species (alphabetical order), Related Terms and Habitats

Species

Common Name
Scientific Name


Related Terms
abdominal worm Setaria spp. animal invertebrate
alder flycatcher Empidonax alnorum animal vertebrate bird
American brook lamprey Lampetra appendix animal vertebrate fish
American feverfew Parthenium integrifolium plant wild quinine
American germander Teucrium canadense plant wood-sage
American goldfinch Carduelis tristis animal vertebrate bird wild canary
American kestrel Falco sparverius animal vertebrate bird sparrow hawk
American toad Bufo americanus  animal vertebrate amphibian
American tree sparrow Spizella arborea animal vertebrate bird
aphid animal invertebrate insect
aquatic sowbug Asellus spp. animal invertebrate isopod
arrowheaded worm Toxascaris spp. animal invertebrate
ascarid roundworm Toxocara canis animal invertebrate worm
bacteria moneran microscopic
bacterium Aeromonas hydrophila moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Alcaligenes spp. moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Bacillus spp. moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Burkholderia spp. moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Clostridium spp. moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Erwinia spp. moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Escherichia spp. moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Flavobacterium columnare moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Klebsiella spp. moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Micrococcus spp. moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Pseudomonas spp. moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Rhodospirillum spp. moneran bacteria microscopic
bacterium Spirillum spp. moneran bacteria microscopic
badger Taxidea taxus animal vertebrate mammal
banded garden spider Argiope trifasciata animal invertebrate
banded hairstreak butterfly Satyrium calanus animal invertebrate insect
banded killifish Fundulus diaphanus animal vertebrate fish threatened
barn owl Tyto alba animal vertebrate bird endangered
barn swallow Hirundo rustica animal vertebrate bird
bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi plant kinnickinnick endangered
beaver Castor canadensis animal vertebrate mammal
bee fly animal invertebrate insect
big bluestem Andropogon gerardii plant turkey-foot
big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus animal vertebrate mammal
bigmouth shiner Notropis dorsalis animal vertebrate fish
bird's nest fungus Crucibulum levis fungi
black hickory Carya texana plant tree red hickory Texas hickory Buckley's hickory
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia plant tree
black redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei animal vertebrate fish
black swallowtail Papilio polyxenes animal invertebrate insect butterfly
black-billed cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus animal vertebrate bird
black-crowned night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax animal vertebrate bird endangered
black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta plant brown-eyed Susan
blackberry Rubus spp. plant
blackchin shiner Notropis heterodon animal vertebrate fish threatened
blackjack oak Quercus marilandica plant tree scrub oak
blacknose dace Rhinichthys atratulus animal vertebrate fish
blacknose shiner Notropis heterolepis animal vertebrate fish endangered
Blanding's turtle Emydoidea blandingii animal vertebrate reptile threatened
blazing-star Liatris spp. plant
blue vervain Verbena hastata plant
bobcat Lynx rufus animal vertebrate mammal
bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus animal vertebrate bird
Brewer's blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus animal vertebrate bird
broadhead skink Eumeces laticeps animal vertebrate reptile lizard
brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis animal vertebrate fish
brown bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus animal vertebrate fish
brown recluse Loxosceles reclusa animal invertebrate spider
brown snake Storeria dekayi animal vertebrate reptile
brown thrasher Toxostoma rufum animal vertebrate bird
brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater animal vertebrate bird
buckhorn Plantago lanceolata plant English plantain exotic nonnative
bullfrog Rana catesbeiana animal vertebrate amphibian
bullsnake Pituophis melanoleucus sayi animal vertebrate reptile
bumble bee Bombus spp. animal invertebrate insect
butterfly-weed Asclepias tuberosa plant
cabbage butterfly Pieris rapae animal invertebrate insect
Canada hawkweed Hieracium canadense plant
Canadian milk vetch Astragalus canadensis plant
candied jelly fungus Phlogiotis helvelloides fungi
canvasback Aythya valisineria animal vertebrate bird duck
Carolina wren Thryothorus ludovicianus animal vertebrate bird
catalpa Catalpa speciosa plant lady cigar tree catawba-tree Indian bean
catnip Nepeta cataria plant exotic nonnative
chicory Cichorium intybus plant exotic nonnative
chimney swift Chaetura pelagica animal vertebrate bird
chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha animal vertebrate fish exotic nonnative
chokecherry Prunus virginiana plant
closed gentian Gentiana andrewsii plant
coachwhip Masticophis flagellum animal vertebrate reptile snake endangered
cock-spur thorn Crataegus crus-galli plant tree
colic root Aletris farinosa plant star grass
comma butterfly Polygonia comma animal invertebrate insect
common buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica plant exotic nonnative
common dandelion Taraxacum officinale plant exotic nonnative
common garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis animal vertebrate reptile
common goldeneye Bucephala clangula animal vertebrate bird duck
common grackle Quiscalus quiscula animal vertebrate bird
common kingsnake Lampropeltis getula animal vertebrate reptile speckled kingsnake black kingsnake
common loon Gavia immer animal vertebrate bird
common map turtle Graptemys geographica animal vertebrate reptile
common merganser Mergus merganser animal vertebrate bird duck
common milkweed Asclepias syriaca plant
common musk turtle Sternotherus odoratus animal vertebrate reptile
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor animal vertebrate bird
common shiner Luxilus cornutus animal vertebrate fish
common snipe Gallinago gallinago animal vertebrate bird
common St. John's-wort Hypericum perforatum plant exotic nonnative
common tern Sterna hirundo animal vertebrate bird endangered
common yarrow Achillea millefolium plant milfoil exotic nonnative
compass-plant Silphium laciniatum plant
Cope's gray treefrog Hyla chrysoscelis animal vertebrate amphibian
copepod animal invertebrate crustacean
copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix animal vertebrate reptile snake
coral fungus Ramaria spp. fungi
cordgrass Spartina pectinata plant cord grass prairie cord
corn snake Elaphe guttata animal vertebrate reptil
coyote Canis latrans animal vertebrate mammal
crawfish frog Rana areolata animal vertebrate amphibian
cream wild indigo Baptisia leucophaea plant
cricket frog Acris crepitans animal vertebrate amphibian
Culver's root Veronicastrum virginicum plant
cup plant Silphium perfoliatum .
curly dock Rumex crispus plant curled dock exotic nonnative
deepwater sculpin Myoxocephalus thompsoni animal vertebrate fish
deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus animal vertebrate mammal
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria plant exotic nonnative
destroying angel Amanita virosa fungi fungus
dewberry Rubus flagellaris plant
dickcissel Spiza americana animal vertebrate bird
differential grasshopper animal invertebrate insect
dogbane beetle Chrysochus auratus animal invertebrate insect
double-pored tapeworm Dipylidium caninum animal invertebrate
downy phlox Phlox pilosa plant prairie phlox
downy sunflower Helianthus mollis plant hairy sunflower ashy sunflower soft sunflower
downy yellow painted cup Castilleja sessiliflora plant downy paintbrush endangered
dye polypore fungus Phaeolus schweinitzii fungi
earthstar fungi fungus
eastern bluebird Sialia sialis animal vertebrate bird
eastern box turtle Terrapene carolina animal vertebrate reptile
eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus animal vertebrate mammal
eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus animal vertebrate mammal
eastern hognose snake Heterodon platirhinos animal vertebrate reptile
eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus animal vertebrate bird
eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus animal vertebrate mammal
eastern pipistrelle Pipistrellus subflavus animal vertebrate mammal bat
eastern spadefoot Scaphiopus holbrookii animal vertebrate amphibian
eastern woodrat Neotoma floridana animal vertebrate mammal endangered
elderberry Sambucus canadensis plant tree shrub
erect day flower Commelina erecta plant slender dayflower
Euglena spp. protist microscopic
European starling Sturnus vulgaris animal vertebrate bird exotic nonnative
evening bat Nycticeius humeralis animal vertebrate mammal
evening primrose Oenothera biennis plant
fairy ring mushroom Marasmius oreades fungi fungus
false dragonhead Physostegia virginiana plant obedient plant
false map turtle Graptemys pseudogeograhica animal vertebrate reptile
false sunflower Heliopsis helianthoides plant ox-eye
fantail darter Etheostoma flabellare animal vertebrate fish
field goldenrod Solidago nemoralis plant gray goldenrod old field goldenrod
field milkwort Polygala sanguinea plant
field sparrow Spizella pusilla animal vertebrate bird
field thistle Cirsium discolor plant pasture thistle
five-lined skink Eumeces fasciatus animal vertebrate reptile lizard
flowering spurge Euphorbia corollata plant flat-topped spurge
fly agaric Amanita muscaria fungi fungus
Fowler's toad Bufo fowleri animal vertebrate amphibian
fox snake Elaphe vulpina animal vertebrate reptile
fox sparrow Passerella iliaca animal vertebrate bird
fox squirrel Sciurus niger animal vertebrate mammal
Franklin's ground squirrel Spermophilus franklinii animal vertebrate mammal threatened
fringed gentian Gentianopsis crinita plant
fungi fungus
gama grass Tripsacum dactyloides plant eastern gama grass
giant puffball Calvatia gigantea fungi fungus
glaucous white lettuce Prenanthes racemosa plant

goat's-rue ephrosia virginiana plant
golden Alexanders Zizia aurea plant golden meadow parsnip
golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos animal vertebrate bird
golden mouse Ochrotomys nuttalli animal vertebrate mammal threatened
goldenrod Solidago ptarmicoides plant stiff aster
goldeye Hiodon alosoides animal vertebrate fish
Graham's crayfish snake Regina grahamii animal vertebrate reptile
grass pink orchid Calopogon tuberosus plant endangered
grass-leaved goldenrod Euthamia graminifolia plant
gray bat Myotis grisescens animal vertebrate mammal endangered
gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis animal vertebrate bird
gray dogwood Cornus racemosa plant tree gray-stemmed dogwood panicled dogwood
gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus animal vertebrate mammal
gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis animal vertebrate mammal
gray treefrog Hyla versicolor animal vertebrate amphibian
gray-headed coneflower Ratibida pinnata plant drooping coneflower yellow coneflower weary Susan yellow prairie coneflower
greater prairie-chicken Tympanuchus cupido animal vertebrate bird endangered
greater redhorse Moxostoma valenciennesi animal vertebrate fish endangered
green frog Rana clamitans animal vertebrate amphibian
green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea animal invertebrate insect
green-flowered milkweed Asclepias viridis plant
green-winged teal Anas crecca animal vertebrate bird duck
groundnut Apios americana plant American potatobean
guinea worm Dracunculus insignis animal invertebrate
hairy hedge nettle Stachys tenuifolia var. hispida plant rough hedge nettle
hairy puccoon Lithospermum caroliniense plant
hairy vetch Vicia villosa plant winter vetch exotic nonnative
hazelnut Corylus americana plant American filbert
heart-leaved meadow parsnip Zizia aptera plant
heath aster Aster ericoides plant frost aster wreath aster
hen-of-the-woods Grifola frondosus fungi fungus
hermit thrush Catharus guttatus animal vertebrate bird
hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus animal vertebrate mammal
hoary puccoon Lithospermum canescens plant Indian paint
hoary vervain Verbena stricta plant wooly vervain
honey bee Apis mellifera animal invertebrate insect exotic nonnative
honey locust Gleditsia triacanthos plant tree
hookworm Ancylostoma spp. animal invertebrate
horned lark Eremophila alpestris animal vertebrate bird
horse-nettle Solanum carolinense plant
horsemint Monarda punctata plant
horsetail milkweed Asclepias verticillata plant whorled milkweed
house finch Carpodacus mexicanus animal vertebrate bird exotic nonnative
house mouse Mus musculus animal vertebrate mammal exotic nonnative
house sparrow Passer domesticus animal vertebrate bird exotic nonnative
hover fly animal invertebrate insect
hummingbird clearwing moth Hemaris thysbe animal invertebrate insect
Illinois chorus frog Pseudacris streckeri illinoensis animal vertebrate amphibian threatened
Illinois mimosa Desmanthus illinoensis plant Illinois bundle flower prairie mimosa
Indian grass Sorghastrum nutans plant
Indian paintbrush Castilleja coccinea plant painted cup
Indiana bat Myotis sodalis animal vertebrate mammal endangered
indigo bunting Passerina cyanea animal vertebrate bird
inky caps fungi Coprinus spp. fungus
Iowa crab apple Malus ioensis plant prairie crab apple
Iowa darter Etheostoma exile animal vertebrate fish endangered
ironweed Vernonia spp. plant
Jack pine Pinus banksiana plant gray pine endangered
Japanese beetle Popillia japonica animal invertebrate insect exotic nonnative
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica exotic nonnative plant
June grass Koeleria macrantha crested hair grass plant
Kalm's St. John's wort Hypericum kalmianum plant endangered
king bolete Boletus edulis fungi fungus
Kirtland's snake Clonophis kirtlandii animal vertebrate reptile threatened
ladybird beetle animal invertebrate insect
lake chub Couesius plumbeus animal vertebrate fish
lance-leaved coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolata plant tickseed coreopsis sand coreopsis
largescale stoneroller Campostoma oligolepis animal vertebrate fish
late boneset Eupatorium serotinum plant late-flowering thoroughwort
leadplant Amorpha canescens plant prairie shoestring
least bittern Ixobrychus exilis animal vertebrate bird threatened
least darter Etheostoma microperca animal vertebrate fish
least shrew Cryptotis parva animal vertebrate mammal
least weasel Mustela nivalis animal vertebrate mammal
lesser scaup Aythya affinis animal vertebrate bird duck
lined snake Tropidoclonion lineatum animal vertebrate reptile
little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium plant
little brown bat Myotis lucifugus animal vertebrate mammal
long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata animal vertebrate mammal
longnose dace Rhinichthys cataractae animal vertebrate fish
lousewort Pedicularis canadensis plant wood-betony
lung fluke Paragonimus kellicotti animal invertebrate worm
marbled spider Araneus marmoreus animal invertebrate
marsh rice rat Orzomys palustris animal vertebrate mammal threatened
masked shrew Sorex cinereus animal vertebrate mammal
massasauga Sistrurus catenatus animal vertebrate reptile snake endangered
meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius animal vertebrate mammal
meadow mushroom Agaricus campestris fungi fungus
meadow rose Rosa blanda plant smooth rose
meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus animal vertebrate mammal
meadowlark Sturnella spp. animal vertebrate bird
merlin Falco columbarius animal vertebrate bird pigeon hawk
milk snake Lampropeltis triangulum animal vertebrate reptile
millipede animal invertebrate
mink Mustela vison animal vertebrate mammal
monarch Danaus plexippus animal invertebrate insect
mountain mint Pycnanthemum spp. plant
muskrat Ondatra zibethicus animal vertebrate mammal
narrow-leaved puccoon Lithospermum incisum plant yellow puccoon
New England aster Aster novae-angliae plant
New Jersey tea Ceanothus americanus plant wild snowball
nodding ladies tresses Spiranthes cernua plant
nodding onion Allium cernuum plant nodding wild onion wild onion
northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus animal vertebrate bird
northern brook lamprey Ichthyomyzon fossor animal vertebrate fish endangered
northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis animal vertebrate bird
northern leopard frog Rana pipiens animal vertebrate amphibian
northern long-eared bat Myotis septentrionalis animal vertebrate mammal
northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottos animal vertebrate bird
northern pintail Anas acuta animal vertebrate bird duck
northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda animal vertebrate mammal
northern shrike Lanius excubitor animal vertebrate bird
northern water snake Nerodia sipedon animal vertebrate reptile
Norway rat Rattus norvegicus animal vertebrate mammal exotic nonnative
Ohio spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis plant
orange waxycaps Hygrocybe conica fungi fungus
orchard oriole Icterus spurius animal vertebrate bird
ornate box turtle Terrapene ornata animal vertebrate reptile
Osage orange Maclura pomifera plant tree exotic nonnative hedge apple bow wood
ostracod animal invertebrate crustacean
oyster mushroom Pleurotis ostreatus fungi fungus
painted lady Vanessa cardui animal invertebrate insect butterfly
painted turtle Chrysemys picta animal vertebrate reptile
pale beardstongue Penstemon pallidus plant
pale gentian Gentiana alba plant yellowish gentian white gentian
pale purple coneflower Echinacea pallida plant pale prairie coneflower
paper birch Betula papyrifera plant tree canoe birch
paper wasp animal invertebrate insect
partridge pea Cassia fasciculata plant golden cassia
pasque-flower Pulsatilla patens plant
pasture rose Rosa carolina plant Carolina rose
pearl crescent butterfly Phyciodes tharos animal invertebrate insect
pepper milkcap Lactarius piperatus fungi fungus
peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus animal vertebrate bird endangered
persimmon Diospyros virginiana plant tree
pinworm Cruzia spp. animal invertebrate worm
plains garter snake Thamnophis radix animal vertebrate reptile
plains leopard frog Rana blairi animal vertebrate amphibian
plains pocket gopher Geomys bursarius animal vertebrate mammal
porcupine grass Stipa spartea plant needlegrass needle and thread
prairie alumroot Heuchera richardsonii plant rough heuchera alumroot
prairie avens Geum triflorum plant purple smoke prairie smoke old man's whiskers
prairie cinquefoil Potentilla arguta plant tall cinquefoil
prairie coreopsis Coreopsis palmata plant stiff coreopsis stiff tickseed
prairie dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis plant northern dropseed
prairie Indian-plantain Cacalia plantaginea plant
prairie kingsnake Lampropeltis calligaster animal vertebrate reptile snake
prairie rose gentian Sabatia campestris plant endangered
prairie violet Viola pedatifida plant
prairie willow Salix humilis plant tree
prairie-dock Silphium terebinthinaceum plant dock rosin-weed
praying mantis animal invertebrate insect exotic nonnative
prickly pear cactus Opuntia spp. plant
protozoan protist microscopic
protozoan Vorticella spp. protist microscopic
pugnose shiner Notropis anogenus animal vertebrate fish endangered
pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus animal vertebrate fish
purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea plant broad-leaved purple coneflower
purple martin Progne subis animal vertebrate bird
purple prairie clover Dalea purpurea plant
purple-headed sneezeweed Helenium flexuosum plant
pygmy shrew Sorex hoyi animal vertebrate mammal
Queen-Anne's-lace Daucus carota plant wild carrot exotic nonnative
Queen-of-the-prairie Filipendula rubra plant endangered
raccoon Procyon lotor animal vertebrate mammal
raccoon roundworm  Baylisascaris procyonis animal invertebrate worm
racer Coluber constrictor animal vertebrate reptile snake
Rafinesque's big-eared bat Plecotus rafinesquii animal vertebrate mammal endangered
raspberry Rubus sp. plant
rat snake Elaphe obsoleta animal vertebrate reptile
rattlesnake master Eryngium yuccifolium plant
red bat Lasiurus borealis animal vertebrate mammal
red cedar Juniperus virginiana plant tree shrub juniper eastern red cedar
red clover Trifolium pratense plant exotic nonnative
red fox Vulpes vulpes animal vertebrate mammal
red haw Crataegus mollis plant tree downy hawthorn
red mulberry Morus rubra plant tree
red squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus animal vertebrate mammal
red-eared slider Trachemys scripta animal vertebrate reptile turtle
redbelly snake Storeria occipitomaculata animal vertebrate reptile
redfin shiner Lythrurus umbratilis animal vertebrate fish
redhead Aythya americana animal vertebrate bird duck
Riddell goldenrod Solidago riddellii plant
rigid goldenrod Solidago rigida plant hard-leaved goldenrod stiff goldenrod
ring-necked duck Aythya collaris animal vertebrate bird
ring-necked pheasant Phasianus colchicus animal vertebrate bird exotic nonnative
ringneck snake Diadophis punctatus animal vertebrate reptile
river otter Lutra canadensis animal vertebrate mammal threatened
river redhorse Moxostoma carinatum animal vertebrate fish threatened
rock pigeon Columba livia animal vertebrate bird exotic nonnative
rosinweed Silphium integrifolium plant wholeleaf rosinweed
rosyface shiner Notropis rubellus animal vertebrate fish
rough green snake Opheodrys aestivus animal vertebrate reptile
rough white lettuce Prenanthes aspera plant
rough-leaved dogwood Cornus drummondii plant tree
rough-legged hawk Buteo lagopus animal vertebrate bird
ruddy duck Oxyura jamaicensis animal vertebrate bird
sand milkweed Asclepias amplexicaulis plant blunt-leaved milkweed
sand primrose Oenothera rhombipetala plant
sand wasp animal invertebrate insect
sandhill crane Grus canadensis animal vertebrate bird threatened
sassafras Sassafras albidum plant tree white sassafras red sassafras
sawtooth sunflower Helianthus grosseserratus plant thick-tooth sunflower
scallop-banded spider Pisaurina mira animal invertebrate
scurf-pea Psoralea tenuiflora plant
sea oats Chasmanthium latifolium plant broadleaf uniola spike grass wild oats
sedge wren Cistothorus platensis animal vertebrate bird
shaggy mane fungus Coprinus comatus fungi
shingle oak Quercus imbricaria plant tree Jack oak laurel oak
shooting star Dodecatheon meadia plant
short-eared owl Asio flammeus animal vertebrate bird endangered
shorthead redhorse Moxostoma breviceps animal vertebrate fish
showy goldenrod Solidago speciosa plant
showy tick trefoil Desmodium canadense plant Canada tick trefoil
shrubby cinquefoil Potentilla fruticosa plant bush cinquefoil
Siberian elm Ulmus pumila plant tree Chinese elm exotic nonnative
sideoats grama Bouteloua curtipendula plant tall grama mesquite grass
silky aster Aster sericeus plant western silvery aster
silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans animal vertebrate mammal
silvery bladder pod Lesquerella ludoviciana plant endangered
six-lined racerunner Cnemidophorus sexlineatus animal vertebrate reptile lizard
sky-blue aster Aster azureus plant azure aster blue devil
slender glass lizard Ophisaurus attenuatus animal vertebrate reptile
slender ladies tresses Spiranthes lacera plant
small skullcap Scutellaria parvula plant smaller skullcap
smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu animal vertebrate fish
smallmouth salamander Ambystoma texanum animal vertebrate amphibian
smooth green snake Opheodrys vernalis animal vertebrate reptile
smooth sumac Rhus glabra plant tree
snapping turtle Chelydra serpentina animal vertebrate reptile
sneezeweed Helenium autumnale plant autumn sneezeweed
snow bunting Plectrophenax nivalis animal vertebrate bird
snow goose Chen caerulescens animal vertebrate bird
snowy owl Bubo scandiacus animal vertebrate bird
soldier beetle animal invertebrate insect
solitary sandpiper Tringa solitaria animal vertebrate bird
southeastern myotis Myotis austroriparius animal vertebrate mammal bat endangered
southeastern shrew Sorex longirostris animal vertebrate mammal
southern bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi animal vertebrate mammal
southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans animal vertebrate mammal
southern leopard frog Rana sphenocephala animal vertebrate amphibian
southern short-tailed shrew Blarina carolinensis animal vertebrate mammal
spiked lobelia Lobelia spicata plant pale-spike lobelia
spiny softshell Apalone spinifera animal vertebrate reptile turtle
spittlebug animal invertebrate insect
spotfin shiner Cyprinella spiloptera animal vertebrate fish
spottail shiner Notropis hudsonius animal vertebrate fish
spotted Joe-Pye-weed Eupatorium maculatum plant
staghorn sumac Rhus typhina plant tree
Stentor spp. protist microscopic
stiff gentian Gentianella quinquefolia plant
stink bug animal invertebrate insect
stomach worm Physaloptera spp. animal invertebrate worm
striped scorpion Centruroides vittatus animal invertebrate
striped skunk Mephitis mephitis animal vertebrate mammal
sulfur butterfly Colias spp. animal invertebrate insect
sulfur cinquefoil Potentilla recta plant rough-fruited cinquefoil exotic nonnative
Sullivant's milkweed Asclepias sullivantii plant prairie milkweed
sulphur shelf fungus Laetiporus sulfureus fungi
Swainson's hawk Buteo swainsoni animal vertebrate bird endangered
swamp rabbit Sylvilagus aquaticus animal vertebrate mammal
swamp rose Rosa palustris plant shrub
swamp thistle Cirsium muticum plant fen thistle
switch grass Panicum virgatum plant tall panic grass prairie switch grass
syrphid fly animal invertebrate insect
tall bellflower Campanula americana plant American bellflower
tall boneset Eupatorium altissimum plant tall thoroughwort
tall goldenrod Solidago canadensis plant Canada goldenrod
tall tickseed Coreopsis tripteris plant tall coreopsis
tapeworm  Cittotaenia spp. animal invertebrate worm
thimbleweed Anemone cylindrica plant candle anemone long-headed thimbleweed
thirteen-lined ground squirrel Spermophilus tridecemlineatus animal vertebrate mammal
thistle Cirsium sp. plant
threespine stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus animal vertebrate fish exotic nonnative
tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum animal vertebrate amphibian
timber rattlesnake Crotalus horridus animal vertebrate reptile threatened
timothy Phleum pratense plant grass exotic nonnative
tree of heaven Ailanthus altissima plant tree exotic nonnative
trumpet creeper Campsis radicans plant vine
Turk's-cap lily Lilium michiganense plant Michigan lily
upland sandpiper Bartramia longicauda animal vertebrate bird endangered
vesper sparrow Pooecetes gramineus animal vertebrate bird
viceroy butterfly Limenitis archippus animal invertebrate insect
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana animal vertebrate mammal
water bear (tardigrade) animal invertebrate microscopic
water flea Daphnia laevis animal invertebrate crustacean
water flea Daphnia obtusa animal invertebrate crustacean
water flea Moina micrura animal invertebrate crustacean
waxycap mushroom Hygrocybe coccinea fungi fungus
waxycap mushroom Hygrocybe miniata fungi fungus
weed shiner Notropis texanus animal vertebrate fish endangered
western chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata animal vertebrate amphibian
western harvest mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis animal vertebrate mammal
western hognose snake Heterodon nasicus animal vertebrate reptile threatened
western ribbon snake Thamnophis proximus animal vertebrate reptile
western sand darter Ammocrypta clara animal vertebrate fish endangered
western sunflower Helianthus occidentalis plant
whipworm Trichuris vulpis animal invertebrate worm
white dog-tooth violet Erythronium mesochoreum plant prairie trout lily white trout lily threatened
white fringed orchid Platanthera leucophaea plant prairie white fringed orchis prairie white fringed orchid endangered
white prairie clover Dalea candida plant
white sweet clover Melilotus alba plant exotic nonnative
white wild indigo Baptisia lactea plant
white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys animal vertebrate bird
white-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus animal vertebrate mammal
white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus animal vertebrate mammal
whorled milkweed Asclepias quadrifolia plant four-leaved milkweed
wild balsam-apple Echinocystis lobata plant wild cucumber
wild bergamot Monarda fistulosa plant
wild black cherry Prunus serotina plant tree
wild goose plum Prunus hortulana plant tree
wild hyacinth Camassia scilloides plant
wild lupine Lupinus perennis plant old maid's bonnet sundial plant
wild petunia Ruellia humilis plant hairy petunia
wild plum Prunus americana plant American plum
wild strawberry Fragaria virginiana plant common strawberry
winged sumac Rhus copallina plant shining sumac shrub tree
wood anemone Anemone quinquefolia plant wind flower
wood lily Lilium philadelphicum plant western lily
woodchuck Marmota monax animal vertebrate mammal
woodland vole Microtus pinetorum animal vertebrate mammal
woolly mullein Verbascum thapsus plant common mullein beggar's blanket flannel plant velvet plant witch's candle exotic nonnative
yellow garden spider Argiope aurantia animal invertebrate
yellow ladies' slipper orchid Cypripedium pubescens plant
yellow mud turtle Kinosternon flavescens spooneri animal vertebrate reptile Illinois mud turtle endangered
yellow sweet clover Melilotus officinalis plant exotic nonnative
yellow wood sorrel Oxalis stricta plant sheep sorrel
yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius animal vertebrate bird
yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens animal vertebrate bird
Habitats .
black soil prairie .
dolomite prairie .
edge .
gravel prairie .
hill prairie .
sand prairie .
shrub prairie .

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